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2016考研英语阅读冲刺精选:冬至

网络整理 2019-04-14 04:07

  考研英语阅读真题中的文章,多摘自英美主流外刊,有时候你认识所有单词、搞清全部语法还不够,还需要了解英美文化,掌握他们的表达方式,这就是阅读的潜台词。有时候是一些俗语和俚语,有时候是固定搭配,有时候需要借助历史、风俗、文化才能理解某种现象或表达。总之,这些地道的英语文章背后都有潜台词,一般人不容易读出,但往往是理解文章的关键。


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  Eight things you should know about Winter Solstice Festival

  涨姿势!关于冬至你必须了解的8件事

  On the first day of Winter Solstice, the Northern Hemisphere experiences the shortest day and the longest night in the year, as the sun shines directly at the Tropic of Capricorn. From then on, the days become longer and the nights become shorter. The Winter Solstice also marks the arrival of the coldest season in the year。

  冬至意味着北半球这一天白天最短,夜晚最长,而从这天之后,白天将逐渐变长,夜晚渐短。除此之外,冬至到来也标志着一年中最寒冷的时候要来到了。

  Here are eight things you should know about Winter Solstice。

  小编带你盘点关于冬至你不得不知道的八件事。

  1.The Winter Solstice Festival

  冬至冬至

  There was a saying that went in ancient China, "The Winter Solstice is as significant as the Spring Festival."

  古语认为:“冬节大如年。”

  As early as Zhou Dynasty (c.11thcentury-256BC), people worshipped the gods on the first day of the Winter Solstice, which was also the first day of the new year. The Winter Solstice became a winter festival during the Han Dynasty (206 BC-220AD). The celebratory activities were officially organized. On this day, both officials and common people would have a rest。

  早在周朝(公元前11世纪)人们在冬至的第一天也就是当时的新年进行祭神活动。汉朝最早把冬至当做节日来过,朝廷组织庆祝活动。这天,官府和老百姓例行放假。

  During subsequent dynasties, such as the Tang (618-907), Song (960-1279) and Qing dynasties (1644-1911), the Winter Solstice was a day to offer sacrifices to Heaven and to ancestors。

  到唐、宋、清朝时,冬至这天要祭祀天神和祖先。

  2.Eating nuts

  吃坚果类食物

  When midwinter comes, vital movement begins to decline and calm down. In this period, eating an appropriate amount of nuts, such as peanuts, walnuts, chestnuts, hazelnuts and almonds, is good for one’s body. Traditional Chinese medical science teaches that the quality of a nut is tepidity and most nuts have the function of nourishing the kidneys and strengthening the brain and heart。

  冬天时户外活动减少,在这段时期,吃一些诸如花生、核桃、栗子等坚果类食物对身体大有好处。坚果类食物有养肾强心脑的功能。

  3.Eating dumplings

  吃饺子

  During Winter Solstice in North China, eating dumplings is essential to the festival. There is a saying that goes "Have dumplings on the first day of Winter Solstice and noodles on the first day of Summer Solstice."

  冬至时吃饺子是北方必不可少的节日饭。俗话说,“冬吃饺子夏吃面”

  4.Eating wontons

  吃馄饨

  People in Suzhou, Jiangsu province, are accustomed to eating wontons in midwinter. According to legend, during the midwinter feast 2,500 years ago, the King of Wu (one of the states during the Western Zhou Dynasty and the Spring and Autumn Period) was disgusted with all kinds of costly foods and wanted to eat something different. Then, the beauty Xishi came into the kitchen to make "wontons" to honor the king’s wish. He ate a lot and liked the food very much. To commemorate Xishi, the people of Suzhou made wontons the official food to celebrate the festival。

  苏州人在这天吃馄饨。传说2500年前,吴王吃腻了山珍海味,想尝试些不同的。于是美女西施为吴王准备的就是馄饨。吴王非常喜欢。为了纪念西施,苏州百姓就把馄饨作为冬至这天必吃的食物。

  5.Eating tangyuan

  吃汤圆

  In places such as Shanghai, people eat tangyuan, a kind of stuffed small dumpling ball made of glutinous rice flour to celebrate Winter Solstice。

  上海等地人们食用汤圆来庆祝节日。

  6.Eating mutton and vermicelli soup

  吃羊汤

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